Osteoarthritis (OA) is often referred to as ‘degenerative joint disease’ and usually develops slowly, over a period of years. It is quite common among adults and athletes with an estimated 6% of adults aged 30 and above having frequent joint pain, often in the knees. Trauma and overuse of the joints, especially in professional athletes are common factors that lead to OA. Over time, the cartilage on the surface of the joint starts to get damaged and wear away causing pain and stiffness at the joint site.
Hyaluronic Acid (HA) is a sugar molecule found naturally throughout the human body. It is an important component of the joint fluid (synovial fluid). The joint fluid allows joints to move easily and freely while also absorbing the shock during activity. In a healthy joint, the joint fluid helps to protect bones and other joint tissues from injury and disease.
The HA in your joint tissues is continuously broken down and replaced over time. During the slow progression of OA, the HA is broken down faster than it is replaced in the joint tissues. This has a negative effect on the properties of the joint fluid causing it to change and stop working properly.
By injecting HA into the joints, we can mimic the effect of natural HA and restore the balance of HA in the joint fluid.